Theology of the Lord's Supper

lords supper_sermon header

At the Last Supper Jesus commanded His followers to remember His sacrifice by sharing the bread and the cup together as symbols of His body crucified and His blood shed for the forgiveness of sins (1Corinthians 11:23-26). For two thousand years, followers of Jesus have joined the disciples by sharing in this Communion (The Lord's Supper).


We are currently using matsah bread to remind us of the Passover (Exodus 12), which Christ fulfilled by His crucifixion. Matsah bread is unleavened, which reminds us that God's deliverance comes quickly; at the Passover there was not time to add leaven to the daily bread and wait for it to rise! Like the Israelites who were in slavery-to-Egypt, we are brought out of our slavery-to-sin in haste and we are to live in the reality of this freedom (1Corinthians 5:6-8). Since leaven is a symbol of sin throughout the Scriptures, unleavened bread also reminds us of the sinless body of Jesus, given as a sacrifice for us.

In an effort to ensure that all believers at the Rock can participate in this corporate worship act, we are also offering gluten free bread. There will be a separate container with the gluten free bread in order to avoid contamination. Those who want this option are asked to come to the table at the end and indicate that they want the gluten free bread.


The cup that we share together represents the blood of the New Covenant, poured out for many for the forgiveness of sins (Luke 22:20). We drink from the cup grape juice, the symbol of Jesus’ atoning blood, and ‘the fruit of the vine’ which He anticipated drinking anew with us in our Father’s coming Kingdom (Matthew 26:27-28).